The Marrakech city
Last Updated: January 5, 2023

Mohssin Mazar

The Marrakech city attracts travelers. With its vibrant charisma and rich texture of experiences. The city prides itself on its stunning architecture. Including the famous Koutoubia Mosque as well as the charming Bahia Palace.

If you explore the bustling souks, you’ll be in for a sensory delight with colorful textiles, aromatic spices, and intricate handicrafts. Including Jemaa El Fna Square comes alive with street performers, storytellers and exciting food stalls.

The culinary scene in Marrakech is exhilarating. With delicious dishes such as tagine and mint tea. The city’s vibrant energy and cultural traditions create an immersive journey that every visitor will never forget.

The Marrakech city

Marrakech city. It is also known by the general public as the Red City due to the color of the local sandstone. As it is the ancient imperial capital of Morocco. It also combines old and new, east and west and modernity with tradition in a harmonious way.

However, the attractions of this region are not limited to the city itself. The surrounding area also contains many worthwhile destinations. You can also discover this city, which represents Morocco to a large extent!

Location of the city of Marrakech

Marrakesh is also located at the foot of the Atlas Mountains in central Morocco. Marrakesh is also called the “red city” or “the ocher city” because of the crimson color of most of its buildings and houses.

In 2020, Marrakech and its urban area will have just over one million residents. The city is the third most populous metropolitan area in the country, tied with its historical rival, Fez, and behind Casablanca and Rabat.

In addition to Meknes, Fez and Rabat. Marrakesh has been the capital of Morocco for nearly 350 years. During the Almoravid era (XI-XII centuries). The Almohads (twelfth and thirteenth centuries) and also the Saadians (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries). And also the Alawis (eleventh and thirteenth centuries) 1757-1790) dynasties.

Geography of the city of Marrakech

Covering an area of 600 hectares, Marrakesh is the most populous city in North Africa. It has been classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Because of the vitality of the 900-year-old ancient city. Its world-class hotel infrastructure, as well as its sunny climate, has made Marrakech the undisputed tourism capital of Morocco.

Marrakech Khor Menara Airport welcomed the city served by the second busiest airport in the country. Almost 3 million visitors in 2019.

Almoravid and Almohad empires’ capital

The Berber king Sanhagen discovered the city of Marrakech (Marrakesh) in 1071 (463 AH), and Yusuf ibn Tashfin and his wife Zainab al-Nafzawi of Berber origin settled there.

Where it was under the influence of Almoravids. Pious warriors and ascetic scholars from the present-day Mauritanian desert built many mosques and madrasas (schools of Quranic jurisprudence) in Marrakesh.

In addition to a commercial center that drained traffic between the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa.

Marrakech grew rapidly and replaced Aghmat and Sijilmassa as the dominant cultural and religious city in Morocco. With the help of Andalusian craftsmen from Córdoba and Seville, he brought the Umayyad style of chiseled domes and polylobed arches to the palaces of Zeno.

This Andalusian influence merged with the desert and West African elements to create original architecture perfectly adapted to the environment of Marrakech.

The city also became the capital of the Almoravid Emirate, an empire stretching from the Senegal River to the center of the Iberian Peninsula and from the Atlantic coast of Morocco to Algiers.

In 1122-1123, Ali ibn Yusuf ibn Yusuf ibn Tashfin fortified the city by building fortifications that are still visible. While Yusuf bin Tashfin led successful campaigns in Andalusia.

Subduing the taifa kings and repelling the attacks of Castile and Aragon, his wife, Zainab al-Nafzawi, had great influence in Marrakech, with all the powers of a true queen.

The Marrakech city Geography

Marrakech is situated in the center-south of Morocco. It is the metropolis of the plain of Haouz and its largest urban center. The medina was constructed five kilometers south of the confluence of the Issil and Tensift wadis, on the left bank of the Issil wadi.

Marrakesh rises at an average elevation of 450 metres, and is characterized by its mostly flat terrain.

Only Jebel Kilis, a 55-meter-high sandstone mound, and its continuation north (Kedet el-Obeid) break up the monotony of the plain.

Beyond Tensift, Jbilet consists of a gray, desolate land. They demarcate the boundary between the plain of Haouz and the region of Rehana. Marrakech and its hinterland owe their wealth primarily to the High Atlas. Its snow-capped peaks can also be clearly seen from the orange city in winter.

Without this mountain barrier, the first slopes of it are only 25 kilometers from the city limits and its highest peak, Mount Toubkal (4167 meters), where it is about sixty kilometers away. The Hauz Meseta plain would be barren.

Before the turn of the century, the northern boundary of the Marrakesh metropolitan area was the Messara Tensift. Where palm plantations and horticultural food gardens fed large peri-urban roundabouts such as Azouzieh and the oases of Sidi Brahim.

They also built the Grand Stade de Marrakech and, in particular, Tamansourt, a new commune located across the river, which extended the agglomeration of Marrakech northward.

The Marrakech city food and traditions

Marrakech attracts visitors with its delicious cuisine and captivating traditions. The city’s food scene is a culinary adventure featuring delicacies like tangia and couscous.

The vibrant markets offer an array of spices, dried fruits and nuts. Which contributes to the delicious local cuisine. Marrakesh also preserves rich traditions. Like the ancient art of hand-woven rugs and intricate tile work.

The bustling Jemaa El Fna Square comes alive with storytellers, musicians and acrobats, showcasing the city’s vibrant cultural heritage. Marrakech’s blend of exquisite flavors and cherished customs creates an unforgettable experience for all who visit.

What can visitors see in The Marrakech city ?

Medina is a historical center dating back to the Berber Empire. It consists of a maze of narrow alleyways where lively and colorful souqs (markets) sell traditional ceramics, fabrics and jewellery.

It is the neighborhood that he visits and attracts many visitors in the city. Nineteen kilometers of red clay and lime walls on a wooden frame, punctuated by 22 gates, surround the old town.

Additionally, Medina is home to the majority of palaces, museums, and central housing.

This public square is frequently visited by both tourists and locals, and is popular in Medina. Here you will find tradesmen and artisans working side by side.

Koutoubia Park:

Located behind the mosque, this public garden provides welcome shade among the abundant vegetation, orange trees and especially palm trees, all complete with swimming pools and fountains.

Majorelle Garden:

Designed by French painter Jacques Majorelle, this idyllic setting combines exotic trees and plants, shaded paths, water channels, ponds filled with lotus flowers and water lilies, the unexpected surprise of walls and a Moorish villa painted in intense Majorelle blue.

What Can You See Outside The Marrakech city ?

Ourika Valley:

This valley, which is located thirty kilometers from the city of green vegetation, crosses the Ourika River. Which calms visitors with its calm atmosphere. Numerous shops along the way sell craft goods, vases and rugs in particular.

Seven City Fatima Waterfalls:

Hiking shoes are required to traverse the rugged terrain that leads to the waterfalls located at the higher elevations of the village.

This palm forest consists of:

One hundred thousand trees and extend over more than fifteen thousand hectares. Palm trees and date palms make up a large part of Morocco’s natural heritage which is very popular with tourists.
In Lalla Takerkoust Dam:

The azure sky merges with the deep waters of the lake. And the mountains reflect on the water absolutely enchantingly, making it the perfect location for sipping Moroccan mint tea!


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