Chefchaouen city
Last Updated: May 14, 2023

Mohssin Mazar

The city of Chefchaouen, or Chaouen, is a settlement in northwest Morocco. They built it 600 meters above sea level at the base of the Kila and Megu mountains. On the Countryside Series. It is also the capital of the province of the same name. It has a population of 42,786 people.


The name of the city is derived from the Berber word “Al Choun” which means “horns” due to the mountain peaks dominating and surrounding it.


The city of Chefchaouen began in 1415, when it was founded in 1471, and was completed by Sharif Ali bin Rashid Al-Alami in 1480, upon his return from a period of military service in the Kingdom of Granada. The city also afterwards attracted an audience consisting mainly of Andalusians and Megorachim. The Moriscos also followed him, and remained outlawed to Christians on pain of death. In 1883, only explorer Charles de Foucauld broke the ban.

Also between 1471 and 1561, the city was ruled by the Banu Rashid dynasty, descendants of the city’s founder and nominal vassals of the Wattasid sultans. The Saadians also later unified the city with the rest of Morocco.

Also, the founder of the city, Ali bin Rashid Al-Alami, built the Great Mosque of Chefchaouen in 969 AH or 1471 AD of the Christian era. The founder of the city, Ali bin Rashid Al Alami, also built the Great Mosque of Chefchaouen. In addition to worship, this mosque had the responsibility of teaching humanities and Islamic sciences.

Also in July 1883, French explorer Charles de Foucauld was the first European to give a description of the city and its surroundings. He affirms its picturesque beauty, saying: “With its ancient keep of a feudal appearance, its tiled houses, its winding streams. One would have thought oneself much more in front of a quiet village on the Rhine.” We now know that the city had between three and four thousand residents, including dozens of Jewish families, at the end of the nineteenth century because of his research.

Also, in 1920, the city of Chefchaouen was captured by the Spaniards, who were then bombed by Lafayette’s squadron and Franco’s forces. The city returned to Morocco only in 1956. After protection.


The settlement is located at the base of Jebel Mezedjel, whose horn-like ridges give it its name. Jebel Beni Hassan is on the opposite side of the valley, to the west, and extends further south as Jebel el Akhmas.

Chefchaouen city has taken advantage of its isolation in the highlands, far enough from the coast and, therefore, the Portuguese.

Why is Chefchaouen city an azure city?

The Jews would be at the forefront of the light blue that covers Chefchaouen’s homes. Blue symbolizes liberty, the sky, and even optimism. Prior to 20 years ago, this village was unknown. And the local women decided to repaint the walls blue to entice tourists and stimulate the local economy. Three times a year, they repaint the pavements in order to preserve the color.

According to a waiter, if the color blue is present, the food will be cold.

Regarding Chefchaouen city

Chefchaouen is a small mountain city in northeastern Morocco with a wonderful setting. It is 600 meters high at the foot of the Kalaa and Migo mountains that make up the Chaouen Mountain. It has a population of about 40,000 people.

While tourism has undoubtedly taken over. The balance between comfort and authenticity is appropriate. Away from the main tourist centers, it is full of charm and authenticity.

With red tile roofs. Vibrant blue buildings, narrow streets that meet in the square of Outa el Hammam and the restored Kasbah. The old city is a Moroccan delight with an Andalusian influence.

At the turn of its narrow streets with Mediterranean motifs of whitewashed houses adorned with a little blue, you will find historical monuments such as the great mosque “Al-Aqsa Mosque”.

And that’s when you go up to the hotel heights in the evening. You can watch the amazing sunset over the city and the valley.

The optimal moment to go to Chefchaouen city

The ideal time to visit Chefchaouen is between May and October. Even if you are cold-blooded, you should avoid the months of June. July, and August, as the climate is mountainous, the evenings are extremely cold, and most hotels lack heating.


  1. Latifa

    I love chefchaoune alot

  2. Abdellah

    I think it is one of the most authentic cities of Morocco


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